What Is Organic Farming? Definition, Features, Basic Tenets, Benefits And Current Trends 2022


The practice of farming dates back to ancient times. This was the typical activity of the majority of people at one point in history, before other things came into existence such as the automobile industry. People who are concerned about their health have recently begun to show more interest in organic farming. A good number of them even began organic farming in their own backyards.

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How Does Inorganic Farming Harm The Environment?

In order to combat pest infestations and ensure higher crop yields, traditional, conventional farming—also known as non-organic agriculture—involved the application of the following methods.

  • Pesticides and herbicides. This was found in foods that exhibited signs of having residues of highly toxic chemical compounds. Despite the fact that the FDA has already prohibited the use of these fertilizers, chemical companies continue to export them. Due to the fact that certain crops are imported, this returns to the United States and is consumed there.
  • sewage sludge that has been contaminated. The concept was to make use of human waste as a fertilizer for conventionally grown crops. This wasn’t a terrible idea, but before being taken to the treatment plant, it will be combined with other types of waste, including chemical and industrial waste. According to the findings of some studies, having high concentrations of this substance in the body may play a role in the development of chronic diseases.
  • The utilization of hormones, antibiotics, and the bodily components of other animals. Eggs, meat, and dairy products are typical sources of this component of food. The medical community views this as a potential catastrophe in the making due to the fact that similar situations, such as mad cow disease, have already arisen. Ingestion of this substance could make the problem even more severe for human beings.
  • Irradiation. Radiation is used on spices in order to eliminate any bacteria or other microorganisms that might be present. Because of the risk of contracting a variety of diseases, this also does more harm than good.

The Rise Of Organic Farming

Recent research has provided evidence to support an alternative viewpoint. This is due to the fact that the chemicals and other substances used are toxic, which led to a variety of illnesses and deaths. The government has decided to make adjustments to the way agriculture is practiced in order to lessen the impact of this risk.

It encourages farmers to abandon their outdated practices in favor of methods that are not only more effective but also safer for everyone. This is the crux of the matter when it comes to organic farming.

The goal of this type of farming is to cultivate crops and livestock utilizing the most environmentally conscious, humane, and economically viable farming practices that are currently available. There are two components missing for this to be successful. The first component is land that is rich in nutrients and suitable for growing a variety of crops. The second factor is the population that will toil the land.

Countries in Europe are also moving away from the traditional method and putting this new one into practice. These nations practice what is known as ecological agriculture, which places a strong emphasis on preserving the natural environment.

What Does Organic Farming Focus On?

  • ensuring that the soil can be used for a very long time without the application of fertilizers of the kind that were traditionally used in farming that is not organic.
  • Instead of using pesticides, providing the crops with the proper care by utilizing the organisms that live in the soil.
  • Recycling of organic materials, such as crop residues and manure from livestock, as well as other organic materials.
  • Crop rotation is an effective method for preventing weed growth and mitigating insect infestations. This means avoiding the use of anything that science has developed for use in farming practices that are not organic.
  • The development of farm animals can be facilitated by paying close attention to the evolutionary adaptations that have taken place and by having a healthy respect for the natural process. This means that there are no exceptions to the ban on genetic engineering.

Ways To Promote Organic Agriculture

Everyone agrees that the new method, while similar to the old one in some ways, is considerably more secure and advanced than the one it replaces. It does not make use of practices such as genetic engineering, irradiation, or the use of sewage sludge, which were previously utilized in the production of non-organic produce.

However, it is not easy to stop non-organic produce from entering the market because some products that are demanded by consumers have to be imported. This makes it difficult to stop the entry of non-organic produce. Even if efforts were made by the government to prohibit the use of such substances, the countries that export them to the United States do not have any regulations in place.

This is something that cannot be eliminated unless either that nation comes to an agreement on a regulation that can be implemented across the board or the crops that are imported can be produced locally on a significant scale. The best course of action is to only purchase organic foods, which can serve as suitable replacements for foods that are not organic. In order to ensure the public’s safety, this requires increased support from consumers as well as stricter legislation from the government.

The Future Of Organic Farming

Over the course of the previous 16 years, the number of organic farmers has more than doubled. As long as people are able to see the bigger picture, this will continue to expand.

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